Schéissendëmpel – force of the water

At the Schéissendëmpel with its stone bridge, the water of the Black Ernz stream flows over some large boulders lying in the stream bed. They cannot be carried away by the flowing water, but are ground smooth by the sand, gravel and smaller boulders. This material comes from the geological layers of the surrounding slopes […]

At the Schéissendëmpel with its stone bridge, the water of the Black Ernz stream flows over some large boulders lying in the stream bed. They cannot be carried away by…

At the Schéissendëmpel with its stone bridge, the water of the Black Ernz stream flows over some large boulders lying…

Al Schmelz – Ponds of a former blast furnace

Fischbach is one of Luxembourg’s early industrial centres: until 1857, bog iron orefrom the Mersch area was smelted here in blast furnaces. The blast furnace was located in the area of the ponds south of Fischbach. Water and charcoal as energy suppliers were easily available here: the water was impounded in ponds and drove water […]

Fischbach is one of Luxembourg’s early industrial centres: until 1857, bog iron orefrom the Mersch area was smelted here in blast furnaces. The blast furnace was located in the area…

Fischbach is one of Luxembourg’s early industrial centres: until 1857, bog iron orefrom the Mersch area was smelted here in…

Wollefsschlucht – a sandstone gorge

The steep rock cliffs of the up to 40-metre deep “Wolf’s Gorge” consist of Luxembourg sandstone (li2). While the sandstone forms the “Érelchen” plateau, the lower part of the slope down to the river Sauer is made up of clayey marls, clay stones and is covered by weathered hillside rock. The Wolf’s Gorge was formed […]

The steep rock cliffs of the up to 40-metre deep “Wolf’s Gorge” consist of Luxembourg sandstone (li2). While the sandstone forms the “Érelchen” plateau, the lower part of the slope…

The steep rock cliffs of the up to 40-metre deep “Wolf’s Gorge” consist of Luxembourg sandstone (li2). While the sandstone…

Thoull and the former meander of the river Sauer

South of Echternach, two small streams flow through a wide valley around the “Thoull” hill. The present Echternach lake was created here in the 1970s. The valley has however a long history:  It was formed because over the last 20 million years by the river Sauer and its tributary streams which have carved their way […]

South of Echternach, two small streams flow through a wide valley around the “Thoull” hill. The present Echternach lake was created here in the 1970s. The valley has however a…

South of Echternach, two small streams flow through a wide valley around the “Thoull” hill. The present Echternach lake was…

Champignon – a mushroom shaped rock

The Champignon is a solitary boulder of Luxembourg sandstone in the shape of a mushroom. It is the weathering remnant of this sandstone layer, which originally extended further north here. A few metres to the south, it is still completely preserved. To the north, on the other hand, one can look far into the hilly […]

The Champignon is a solitary boulder of Luxembourg sandstone in the shape of a mushroom. It is the weathering remnant of this sandstone layer, which originally extended further north here.…

The Champignon is a solitary boulder of Luxembourg sandstone in the shape of a mushroom. It is the weathering remnant…

Rippeger Kopp – the cuesta of Luxembourg Sandstone

The Luxembourg Sandstone ends abruptly at this location and the topography drops steeply down. Such a terrace is called a cuesta. Below the ridge the lower-lying, gently-undulating landscape of colourful marls is observable and predominantly used for agriculture. With favourable meteoric conditions it is possible to see the “Widdebierg” mountain (the highest elevation) near Flaxweiler, […]

The Luxembourg Sandstone ends abruptly at this location and the topography drops steeply down. Such a terrace is called a cuesta. Below the ridge the lower-lying, gently-undulating landscape of colourful…

The Luxembourg Sandstone ends abruptly at this location and the topography drops steeply down. Such a terrace is called a…

Kuelscheier – a narrow rock crevice

The Kuelscheier is a narrow, pitch-dark rock crevice in the Luxembourg sandstone. It runs over a distance of about 100 metres parallel to the valley of the Härdbaach stream. The nearby Rittergang and the Déiwepëtz are also such crevices. They opened up because huge blocks of rock along fissures detached from the rock face and […]

The Kuelscheier is a narrow, pitch-dark rock crevice in the Luxembourg sandstone. It runs over a distance of about 100 metres parallel to the valley of the Härdbaach stream. The…

The Kuelscheier is a narrow, pitch-dark rock crevice in the Luxembourg sandstone. It runs over a distance of about 100…

Steekaul Burermillen – a former sandstone quarry

The oldest rocks in the region can be observed: red sandstones from the Lower Triassic (“Buntsandstein”). The red colour is due to oxidyzed iron concentrations in the rock. These older sandstones are outcropping at the surface in this area because the geological strata buckles here upwards and forms an arch-like structure, the “Born saddle”. The […]

The oldest rocks in the region can be observed: red sandstones from the Lower Triassic (“Buntsandstein”). The red colour is due to oxidyzed iron concentrations in the rock. These older…

The oldest rocks in the region can be observed: red sandstones from the Lower Triassic (“Buntsandstein”). The red colour is…

Gipskaul – Mining of gypsum near Rosport

Mainly in the 1940s and 1950s gypsum was mined underground in a gallery on the slope of the Giischterbësch forest. The extracted gypsum was transported in wagons via a braking incline to a loading area. This transport was gravitationally controlled by the concept, that downhill moving loaded wagons are able to pull empty wagons uphill, […]

Mainly in the 1940s and 1950s gypsum was mined underground in a gallery on the slope of the Giischterbësch forest. The extracted gypsum was transported in wagons via a braking…

Mainly in the 1940s and 1950s gypsum was mined underground in a gallery on the slope of the Giischterbësch forest.…

Salt water spring – Historical salt mining near Born

Salt was extracted near Born between the 16th and 18th centuries by means of a brine concentrating system. This is proven by a concession certificate dating from 1585. Salt mining was possible here because salt rich springs waters occur at various places on the river Sauer. One of the springs supplied a sufficiently large amount of water with a high enough salt content. Today, […]

Salt was extracted near Born between the 16th and 18th centuries by means of a brine concentrating system. This is proven by a concession certificate dating from 1585. Salt mining…

Salt was extracted near Born between the 16th and 18th centuries by means of a brine concentrating system. This is…