Geology – an introduction
The appearance of our landscape is partly shaped by the various rocks in the subsoil. So whether the landscape is characterized by hills or rocks depends on the local geology. Rocks are often taken for granted. But their occurrence tells us about the exciting, millions-of-years-old geological history of the region, a history of the emergence and disappearance of landscapes.
Are, for example, certain rock strata suitable for the extraction of building stones or does the arrangement of the rock strata favour the occurrence of drinking water and springs? The properties of the different rocks and the alternation of rock strata in the subsoil have a direct influence on the way the landscape is utilized by humans.
You will soon find further information below on
- the formation of rocks on the sea floor;
- geological chronology and geological mapping;
- the region’s important rocks and their characteristics;
- ground water, which plays an important role in the drinking water supply.
Geosites – insights into local geology
In the “Natur- & Geopark Mëllerdall”, the link between geology and the natural and cultural heritage is clearly visible and thus easy to experience as well. Numerous examples of human activities in the region can be shown for these links, for instance, since the Stone Age (Paleolithic). That’s why the landscape can be regarded as a valuable historical archive. There are also numerous links between the plant world and geology. Plants reflect the local rocks in the subsoil, the characteristics of the soil and aspects of the landscape (such as the orientation of the slope).
All interesting places and objects related to geology are described here as a geotope.
Salt was extracted near Born between the 16th and 18th centuries by means of a brine concentrating system. This is proven by a concession certificate dating from 1585. Salt mining was possible here because salt rich springs waters occur at various places on the river Sauer. One of the springs supplied a sufficiently large amount of water with a high enough salt content. Today, [...]