Geology – An introduction

The appearance of our landscape is partly shaped by the various rocks in the subsoil. So whether the landscape is characterized by hills or rocks depends on the local geology. Rocks are often taken for granted. But their occurrence tells us about the exciting, millions-of-years-old geological history of the region, a history of the emergence and disappearance of landscapes.

Are, for example, certain rock strata suitable for the extraction of building stones or does the arrangement of the rock strata favour the occurrence of drinking water and springs? The properties of the different rocks and the alternation of rock strata in the subsoil have a direct influence on the way the landscape is utilized by humans.

You will soon find further information below on

  • the formation of rocks on the sea floor;
  • geological chronology and geological mapping;
  • the region’s important rocks and their characteristics;
  • ground water, which plays an important role in the drinking water supply.