In the nature park, the link between geology and the natural and cultural heritage is clearly visible and thus easy to experience as well. Numerous examples of human activities in the region can be shown for these links, for instance, since the Stone Age (Paleolithic). That’s why the landscape can be regarded as a valuable historical archive. There are also numerous links between the plant world and geology. Plants reflect the local rocks in the subsoil, the characteristics of the soil and aspects of the landscape (such as the orientation of the slope).
All interesting places and objects related to geology are described here as a geotope.
Mainly in the 1940s and 1950s gypsum was mined underground in a gallery on the slope of the “Giischterbësch” forest. The extracted gypsum was transported in wagons via a braking incline to a loading area. This transport was gravitationally controlled by the concept, that downhill moving loaded wagons are able to pull empty wagons uphill, […]
Salt was extracted near Born between the 16th and 18th centuries by means of a brine concentrating system. This is proven by a concession certificate dating from 1585.
Salt mining was possible here because salt rich springs waters occur at various places on the river Sauer. One of the springs supplied a sufficiently large amount of water with a high enough salt content. Today, [...]
Orchard meadows (Bongerten in Luxemburgish) are among the most valuable and species-rich habitats in the Nature Park. However, the number of fruit trees declined by about three quarters during the 20th century. But orchard meadows still dominate the Nature Park’s landscape, despite the sharp decline. Today there are still about 40,000 fruit trees in the […]